In Hong Kong, all companies incorporated under the Companies Ordinance are subject to various auditing requirements to ensure transparency, accountability, and compliance with regulatory standards. These audits are essential for maintaining the integrity of financial reporting and safeguarding the interests of stakeholders, including shareholders, creditors, and the public. Several key audits are required for all companies incorporated in Hong Kong:

  • Financial Statement Audit: Every Hong Kong company is required to undergo an annual financial statement audit. This audit examines the company’s financial records, transactions, and reports to ascertain their accuracy and compliance with the Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standards (HKFRS).
  • Statutory Audit: The statutory audit is a legal requirement for all companies and is conducted in accordance with the Hong Kong Companies Ordinance. It verifies whether the company’s financial statements present a true and fair view of its financial position and performance.
  • Tax Compliance Audit: Hong Kong companies are also subjected to tax audits to ensure compliance with the Inland Revenue Ordinance. These audits assess the accuracy and completeness of tax filings, including profits tax, salaries tax, and other relevant taxes.
  • Compliance Audit: Apart from financial aspects, companies may undergo compliance audits to assess adherence to relevant laws, regulations, and corporate governance principles.
  • Internal Audit (Optional): Though not mandatory, companies may choose to conduct internal audits. Internal auditors review the company’s internal controls, risk management procedures, and operational efficiency, providing valuable insights to improve processes.

The auditing process in Hong Kong is overseen by qualified auditors registered with the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants (HKICPA). The audit reports are submitted to the Companies Registry and the Inland Revenue Department.

These required audits play a crucial role in ensuring that companies in Hong Kong maintain transparency, financial soundness, and adherence to regulatory standards. By upholding high auditing standards, Hong Kong promotes investor confidence and fosters a business environment that is both competitive and trustworthy.

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